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A detailed computer modeling study released today indicates that oil from the massive spill in the Gulf of Mexico might soon extend along thousands of miles of the Atlantic coast and open ocean as early as this summer. The modeling results are captured in a series of dramatic animations produced by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and collaborators.
This animation shows one scenario of how oil released at the location of the Deepwater Horizon disaster on April 20 in the Gulf of Mexico may move in the upper 65 feet of the ocean. This is not a forecast, but rather, it illustrates a likely dispersal pathway of the oil for roughly four months following the spill. It assumes oil spilling continuously from April 20 to June 20. The colors represent a dilution factor ranging from red (most concentrated) to beige (most diluted).  The dilution factor does not attempt to estimate the actual barrels of oil at any spot; rather, it depicts how much of the total oil from the source that will be carried elsewhere by ocean currents. For example, areas showing a dilution factor of 0.01 would have one-hundredth the concentration of oil present at the spill site.
The animation is based on a computer model simulation, using a virtual dye, that assumes weather and current conditions similar to those that occur in a typical year. It is one of a set of six scenarios released today that simulate possible pathways the oil might take under a variety of oceanic conditions. Each of the six scenarios shows the same overall movement of oil through the Gulf to the Atlantic and up the East Coast. However, the timing and fine-scale details differ, depending on the details of the ocean currents in the Gulf.
“I’ve had a lot of people ask me, ‘Will the oil reach Florida?’” says NCAR scientist Synte Peacock, who worked on the study. “Actually, our best knowledge says the scope of this environmental disaster is likely to reach far beyond Florida, with impacts that have yet to be understood.”
The computer simulations indicate that, once the oil in the uppermost ocean has become entrained in the Gulf of Mexico’s fast-moving Loop Current, it is likely to reach Florida’s Atlantic coast within weeks. It can then move north as far as about Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, with the Gulf Stream, before turning east. Whether the oil will be a thin film on the surface or mostly subsurface due to mixing in the uppermost region of the ocean is not known.

A detailed computer modeling study released today indicates that oil from the massive spill in the Gulf of Mexico might soon extend along thousands of miles of the Atlantic coast and open ocean as early as this summer. The modeling results are captured in a series of dramatic animations produced by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and collaborators.This animation shows one scenario of how oil released at the location of the Deepwater Horizon disaster on April 20 in the Gulf of Mexico may move in the upper 65 feet of the ocean. This is not a forecast, but rather, it illustrates a likely dispersal pathway of the oil for roughly four months following the spill. It assumes oil spilling continuously from April 20 to June 20. The colors represent a dilution factor ranging from red (most concentrated) to beige (most diluted).  The dilution factor does not attempt to estimate the actual barrels of oil at any spot; rather, it depicts how much of the total oil from the source that will be carried elsewhere by ocean currents. For example, areas showing a dilution factor of 0.01 would have one-hundredth the concentration of oil present at the spill site.The animation is based on a computer model simulation, using a virtual dye, that assumes weather and current conditions similar to those that occur in a typical year. It is one of a set of six scenarios released today that simulate possible pathways the oil might take under a variety of oceanic conditions. Each of the six scenarios shows the same overall movement of oil through the Gulf to the Atlantic and up the East Coast. However, the timing and fine-scale details differ, depending on the details of the ocean currents in the Gulf.
“I’ve had a lot of people ask me, ‘Will the oil reach Florida?’” says NCAR scientist Synte Peacock, who worked on the study. “Actually, our best knowledge says the scope of this environmental disaster is likely to reach far beyond Florida, with impacts that have yet to be understood.”
The computer simulations indicate that, once the oil in the uppermost ocean has become entrained in the Gulf of Mexico’s fast-moving Loop Current, it is likely to reach Florida’s Atlantic coast within weeks. It can then move north as far as about Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, with the Gulf Stream, before turning east. Whether the oil will be a thin film on the surface or mostly subsurface due to mixing in the uppermost region of the ocean is not known.

Tired of being mixed up between gallons, imperial or US, barrels of oil and flow rate?

Let’s go metric to help us understand the scale of the disaster unfolding in the Gulf of Mexico.

The inner diameter of the pipe (the riser) is 20 inches or 0,508 meters

Which gives us a surface at the mouth of the pipe of 0,203 m2

This means that one meter of pipe carries 203 liters of oil.

The experts and scientists are all falling over each other attempting to calculate the flow rate.  A Federal Team was even created on the 20th May 2010  in order to determine the flow rate !!!

One meter per second of flow, would give us 60 meters per minute and 3,6 km per hour. About the walking speed of a normal man.

That small flow rate of one meter per second gives us 600 metric tons* of oil per hour and 14400 metric tons per 24 hour period.

In a 30 day period: 432 000 metric tons or more than one and a half AMOCO CADIZ Do you want to know more? per month.

At that rate, it has already over-passed the IXTOC more oil spill of 480,000 metric tons on the 23rd of May.

At that rate if will reach the level of the first Gulf War spills of 1,5 MILLION TONS more at the beginning of August 2010.

And this is only based on a rate of flow of 1 meter per second!

It is shocking to find out that BP has refused to allow scientists to perform more accurate, independent measurements of the flow, claiming that it is not relevant to the response and that such efforts might distract from efforts to stem the flow.

But then, everything in the situation is shocking and disgusting.

“A jolly bad job that definitely deserves a slap on the wrist!”

*One tonne (metric ton) of crude oil is roughly equal to 308 US gallons or 7.33 barrels and 1 oil barrel is equal to 42 US gallons approx.
Scientists say the fish threatened with extinction is back on the menu again

By Martin Hickman, Consumer Affairs Correspondent Saturday, 15 May 2010
Although stocks are still low by historic standards, the recovery could prompt British supermarkets to start stocking North Sea cod again.
North Sea cod, once on the brink as a result of decades of over-fishing, has now recovered to an extent that the public should start eating it again with enthusiasm, one of the world’s biggest wildlife charities has said.
In a rare wildlife conservation success story, the charity WWF said the fish renowned for its flaky white chunks was being caught sustainably off the shallow cold waters of north and eastern Britain for the first time in a decade. Stocks of the fish have risen by 52 per cent from their historic low four years ago because of a combination of cuts in landing quotas, and conservation techniques which have reduced the number tossed back dead into the sea.

Scientists say the fish threatened with extinction is back on the menu again
By Martin Hickman, Consumer Affairs CorrespondentSaturday, 15 May 2010Although stocks are still low by historic standards, the recovery could prompt British supermarkets to start stocking North Sea cod again.North Sea cod, once on the brink as a result of decades of over-fishing, has now recovered to an extent that the public should start eating it again with enthusiasm, one of the world’s biggest wildlife charities has said.In a rare wildlife conservation success story, the charity WWF said the fish renowned for its flaky white chunks was being caught sustainably off the shallow cold waters of north and eastern Britain for the first time in a decade. Stocks of the fish have risen by 52 per cent from their historic low four years ago because of a combination of cuts in landing quotas, and conservation techniques which have reduced the number tossed back dead into the sea.

Continue reading this article

The BP platform was scouring for ultra deep oil under 1600 meters of ocean water. From there they drilled another 6,000 meters into the crust of the earth, right at the edge of all  current technological capacity.

It would seem that they hit a pocket of oil at such high pressure that it burst through all the safety valves all the way up to the drilling rig and then caused the rig to explode and sink.

The oil is now gushing out at a pressure of 2200 psi!

When the rig sank it flipped over and apparently landed close to the drill hole, 1600 meters under the ocean.

The Gulf Coast spill will have eclipsed the Exxon Valdez in terms of total gallons of oil before the weekend is over making it the largest oil spill in U.S. history according to calculations made by oceanographer Ian MacDonald after studying aerial Coast Guard photos taken earlier in the week.
MacDonald, a professor at Florida State University who counts “oil and gas development” among his areas of expertise, stopped short of comparing the Deepwater Horizon spill to that of the Alaskan oil tanker, but said Saturday, “The spill is growing. I’m comfortable saying that the size and extent of this slick is 10 million gallons.”
Given that just over a million gallons (3300 metric tons) of hot oil are leaking into the Gulf per day, according to MacDonald’s calculations, the spill will shortly top the Exxon Valdez’s estimated 11million gallon spill. It is almost certain to cost more than the Exxon spill, which cost $3.5 billion for cleanup and another $5 billion worth of lawsuits and other settlements.
Experts estimate it could take months to plug the leak and that things could be made worse by the approaching hurricane season.
Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deepwater dynamic positioned semi-submersible oil rig built in 2001 at a cost of USD 350 Million. The purpose of this rig was to drill oil wells deep underwater, moving from location to location, as needed. Once the drilling was complete, pumping production was handled by other equipment.
Before the accident, Deepwater Horizon worked on BP’s Mississippi Canyon Block 252, referred to as the Macondo prospect. The rig was last located 50 miles off the southeast coast of Louisiana. In October 2009 BP extended the contract for Deepwater Horizon by three years, to begin in September 2010. The lease contract was worth US$544 million, a rate of $496,800 per day.

Here it is at last, for all of you who asked for it!

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How dissapointed I am with this phone and the service provided!I proudly bought my first smartphone last December. In effect, as I am a PC user, I had been waiting for a Windows phone with similar functions to the i-Phone.

Once the HTC HD2 became available in Hong Kong, I immediately sought to purchase one for my professionnal use.

I quickly found out Hong Kong CSL Ltd was the exclusive distributor for the HD2 with their 1010 “High performance” network so I ran to the closest outlet in Tsuen Wan and bought this technological marvel signing on at the same time for a two year contract with the provider.

As I run a company and travel a lot, communicating all the time with suppliers and clients; I was very pleased to suddenly get easy access to Skype, Email and Internet “on the go”.

Even though HTC HD2 is regularly unstable and tends to lag or freeze a little too often, I accepted the negatives for the positives and worked happily with my new phone for 4 months.

3 days ago, my phone started acting up; I lost the capacity to sync with my Sony Vaio, so I performed a hard reset. Following the reset, the PC would still not recognize the phone so today, I took it to the outlet I bought it from.

The charming staff tried their best to fix my problem, but finally had to admit  my HTC HD2 needed to go back for repair.

As 1010 CSL is my service provider, I immediately asked for a replacement equivalent phone for the durantion of the repair. Something I find completely normal in view of the high cost of the phone (close to 6000 HKD) and the fact that I am also a customer of 1010 CSL, and that they are also the exclusive distributor in Hong Kong of the HTC HD2.

The only replacement phone they could offer me was some old Nokia, that wouldn’t fetch 10 HKD in Sham Shui Po. As I complained bitterly but politely about this fact, one of the charming staff offered to lend me his own smartphone for the period of the repairs; an offer I promptly refused!

They finally found an old Nokia E71 for me, which I must say, does nothing more than remain usable as a phone due to age and excessive maltreatment as a demo phone in their shop.

What a disappointment and what a poor service!

I wonder how companies such as 1010 CSL and HTC in Hong Kong can get away with providing such a crappy service to their premium clients, or is it that no-one complains!

As I have managed companies and done plenty of business travel for the last twenty years, always spending a fortune with mobile communication providers; I have been used to another level of service in Europe. In fact, I haven’t bought a phone for the last 15 years, although i always used the latest models. The providers always seemed to value my clientèle in view of my phone bills.

This is clearly not the cased in Hong Kong’s  jungle where customer service is a word not found in the local dictionary.

Millions of marine turtles have been killed over the past two decades through entrapment in fishing gear, according to a global survey.

Described as the first global synthesis of existing data, the study found especially high rates of “bycatch” in the Mediterranean and eastern Pacific.

Six of the seven sea turtle types are on the Red List of Threatened Species.

continue reading http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8604723.stm

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